Robert Capa was a Hungarian photographer who photographed five wars over the course of his lifetime and redefined the genre of photojournalism. Born as Endre Friedmann on October 22, 1913 in Budapest, Austria-Hungary, Capa left his home country at the age of 18, finding work as a photojournalist in post-World War I Berlin. During this time, he concealed his Jewish heritage with a pseudonym based on his childhood nickname “Cápa,” or “Shark.” Throughout his life, he covered many important historical events, including the rise of Soviet Communism, the Spanish Civil War, the Second Sino-Japanese War, and a full survey of the politics and atrocities of World War II. Capa's photographs are recognized across the globe for their critical role in shaping public remembrance of these events, and have been published worldwide. In 1947, he co-founded Magnum Photos in Paris with fellow seminal photographers David Seymour, Henri Cartier-Bresson, and George Rodger. Capa died on May 25, 1954 after stepping on a landmine while on assignment for Life magazine, documenting the First Indochina War. He was 40 years old.